General Information about Hydrocolloids

The term hydrocolloid encompasses a large group of polysaccharides and proteins that go into solution in water as colloids and demonstrate a high propensity for forming gels.

They are part of our everyday life and bring added value to many products thanks to their various technical functionalities, such as:

  • Texturing
  • Thickening
  • (Water)-binding
  • Emulsifying
  • Stabilising
  • Foaming
  • Film forming
  • Gelling
  • Fining
  • Adhesion

Gelatine contains all these characteristics and has the widest range of functionalities. It has been consumed for more than 2,000 years and known for generations. So people often prefer gelatine to relatively recently developed hydrocolloids. In addition, these unique properties make it a key ingredient:

  • Thermo-reversible gel formation
  • Transparency
  • Natural protein
  • Melting at body temperature

Gelatine is one of the two most commonly used hydrocolloids in the world. Others are agar, alginates, gum arabic, carrageenan, cassia, cellulosics (CMC, MCC, MC/HPMC), gellan, guar, konjac, locust bean gum (LBG), pectin, starch, tara gum, and xanthan.

Market share of the most important hydrocolloids for food applications (value).

The Numerous Advantages of Using Gelatine

The undeniable benefits of using gelatine as an ingredient of choice are, in a nutshell:

Gelatine...

  • is a natural food ingredient with no e-number
  • is a clean label and does not require any chemical modification
  • is a natural protein containing a total of 18 amino acids, including eight of the nine essential amino acids (can’t be produced by the human body)
  • is considered a natural ingredient in accordance with the ISO technical specification on definitions and technical criteria (ISO/TS 19657:2017)
  • consistency and purity are natural properties of gelatine
  • is complete and easy to digest with a high bioavailability
  • has GRAS status (Generally Recognized As Safe): gelatine is a completely safe product
  • can be consumed daily without reservations
  • can be declared GMO-free
  • is cholesterol-, purine- and fat-free
  • know-how about gelatine and its metabolism has been developed over many years
  • ensures longer shelf life and stabilises delicate food products for easier transport and storage
  • forms a thermo-reversible gel that melts at body temperature
  • ensures an excellent mouth feel and an intense taste experience
  • is versatile in its applications: gels, thickens, binds with water, emulsifies, foams, forms layers
  • can only be substituted by a combination of ingredients (hydrocolloids, foaming agents, etc.) as gelatine is a unique multifunctional polymer
  • The quantities of substitute required will increase compared to gelatine. As a consequence the mouth-feel will change
  • is available in various gel strengths and grain sizes
  • the wide variety of gelatine enables to meet the individual application specifications
  • particle size can be adjusted to meet production needs and achieve easy solubility
  • is easy to use
  • gels within the normal pH range of most foodstuffs and does not require the addition of salts, sugar or acids to gel

That is why gelatine has an unmatched profile

Gelatine is a versatile product that is commonly used in different industries. Its main field of application is the food industry. Click here to learn more about all fields of application.